The Stages of Change (SOC) Model is an innovative approach to motivational issues facing job seekers. SOC has been used extensively in the health psychology field, where emotion, cognition and behaviour are crucial factors. This study is the first broad use of SOC in the employment field.
It is believed that lacking in self-confidence or low self-esteem can manifest itself as a lack of motivation to find a good job, and it can become a challenge for people to overcome these circumstances. It would be beneficial for employment development specialists to understand this behaviour more clearly, and to know how to provide the most appropriate and effective interventions possible.
The SOC Model speaks specifically to the problem of motivation and ambivalence. Change is viewed as gradual and progressive over time, rather than dramatic. The SOC Model presents six steps or stages that are part of the change process, as well as a phenomenon of regression known as recycling.
Estimates are that less than 20% of people who are making changes in their lives are in the Action stage at any given time, but about 90% of all programs designed to assist with change are intended for people in that Action stage. Those that have been labelled as “failures” to make or sustain change in programs that centre around the Action stage may not be as “resistant” to change as some might want you to believe, but rather the services offered possibly did not meet their needs by addressing the Stage of Change they were in at the time.